Career 1: Archaeology



The Dig

Where better to launch 25before25 than in somewhere like Transylvania, Romania.

I turned up sleepy-eyed at Cluj-Napoca airport, which I did not know how to pronounce before arriving (I later learned it was Cl-oo-ge Nap-oh-ca), expecting to see Dracula and Vlad the Impaler style tourism everywhere. Whilst I am sure there are parts of Transylvania where this is the case, I am afraid to say I saw not even a suggestion of oversized human canines. But more of that will be discussed in the soon-to-be-launched travel blog.

So I have spent the past two weeks trying out my childhood dream of being an Archaeologist in Sarmizegetusa (pronounced Sar-meez-eh-ga-two-za, affectionately nicknamed Sarmy) on an excavation of the Governor’s Palace at Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa, the capital of Roman Dacica.


I was the only member of the British contingent to have never participated in an excavation before and to have no idea what I was doing. There initially was very little explanation from the excavation supervisors, partly due to a language barrier. It was essentially ‘here is a shovel and pick axe – dig down there’. A naïve observation, but I did not think an excavation would involve so much pure digging, I assumed there would be a far greater amount of kneeling on the ground and trowelling to closely examine everything, stratigraphic layer by layer. I was not expecting to pick axe and shovel for 4 days straight without finding anything whatsoever.

During these first days I questioned what I had gotten myself into. Beyond the standard existential crisis that comes with quitting a promising career with no alternative plan - now a normal thought - I questioned whether Archaeology was right for me. Did I really want to spend my life digging holes in the dirt? Whilst I was enjoying being outdoors and the physical nature of the work, it was far from intellectually stimulating or inspiring.

However, some noticeably improved biceps, and a lot of sweat, toil and mud later, I learned that all this hard work had been needed as the top meter of soil on the was part of several ‘disturbed’ layers, meaning the artefacts in the grounds were not in context due to later digging or farming. Therefore, we needed to dig solidly to reach the lower layers, as they were far more meaningful.


A basic example of Archaeological Stratigraphy, but you get the point. The older, and therefore deeper, layers are the ones we want - which means lots of digging.

Once I understood the reasons for the hard graft and when we finally reached the right layer, several meters down from the surface, my perspective changed completely. Within a few hours an oil lamp, a hair pin and a ceramic face appeared, along with ceramic pottery, painted plaster and bones aplenty. A few of the floor tiles were found with finger prints and animal paw prints in them, from 1,800 years ago.

This was far more what I had in mind and I found it instantly rewarding – all that digging was worthwhile. The idea that no one has seen this object since the 2nd century AD and that I had the honour of being the first person to touch it – that is surely enough to capture most people’s imagination.

But more than anything else, it was the human connection that I found most inspiring, as whilst the architecture tells us a huge amount about Roman society, bricks and stone do not hold the same amazement as placing your finger over the fingerprint of someone who lived 1,800 years ago. Seeing how people lit their homes and tied up their hair, how they painted their rooms or even scratched some graffiti into the plaster, connects you to history in a way that no book can.

It is a special experience when your trowel first touches an artefact in the soil, looking at an object in a museum does not even compare.

How Well Do I Fit Archaeology?

Archaeology ticks many of my boxes – it allows for a substantial amount of time outdoors if I were to be a practical, rather than solely theoretical Archaeologist. Equally, if I were an academic or commercial Archaeologist it would of course be extremely intellectually stimulating. I could travel the world when excavating, and there would be plenty of problem solving and variety. We also had lectures on how technological innovation was beginning to change the way Archaeological excavations are being done – something I would be fascinated to explore.


But I had to question, as an Archaeologist would I be adding real value to society? Would I make a difference and leave the world a better place? Unless I discovered the next Tutankhamen or Pompeii (I think we can assume I won’t), I was not certain that I could answer 'yes'.

So I asked the Archaeologists I was working with what their answer to that challenge would be. Among many reasons, they pointed out that I would be working towards preserving the cultural heritage of that society and could contribute to constructing the narrative of the site/culture/era I was studying and lecturing on, which would be there to inform future generations.

There is something very human about wanting to know your roots, where we are from and how similar or dissimilar we are to our ancestors. This knowledge is intrinsically valuable and Archaeology is one way of showing that. In a way, that is far more of a strategic or 'bigger picture' contribution than helping those alive in my lifetime. But, I am still uncertain if it is the tangible impact that I think I want to make and I am not sure if this is quite what I had in mind, when I said I wanted a career where I could think strategically.

Perhaps it would be what I made of it though. For example, a Professor at my old University theorises that early humans crossed to the Americas over an ice bridge from Spain. An idea which currently seems a little eccentric, could make many North and South Americans stop and think again about their identities on individual and national levels, if it could be proven. The implications on the present day could be huge and it would force Historians and Archaeologists alike to re-examine all of American history and pre-history through a completely different lens.


The final question I had to ask was whether I was passionate enough about this to dedicate my life to it? It would be ridiculous to spend all the time and money studying for an MA and PhD in Archaeology, if ultimately that is not what I wanted to do for the next couple of decades at least. I now know that for Roman Archaeology, the honest answer is no. But there are other areas that fascinate me - Egyptology and Hominid evolution especially.

We don’t yet have an Egyptologist Mary Beard!

The Verdict

Whilst it ticks many of my boxes, it does not tick some very crucial ones – or at least, not in the way that I think I want. But as I have previously mentioned, the idea of a portfolio career really appeals to me so perhaps it would be possible to pursue Archaeology as part of that.

So 6 ticks and 4 question marks. It is therefore firmly going in the maybe pile - for now.


Extras

Find out about all the careers in 25before25 here. This article will also be displayed on the Archaeology careers page.

To find out more about the excavation, please visit the Colonia Sarmizegetusa Facebook page and Exeter University.



#archaeology

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© Emma Rosen 2020
London, UK